Mandi District History | Briefly Explained
|Mandi District History|
Mandi district is made up of Suket and Mandi princely states. The princely state of Suket has been established earlier. Establishment of Suket princely state 765 AD Veer Sen did. The princely state of Mandi was founded by Baahu Sen of Suket Dynasty in 1000 AD. did in. According to Cunningham, Sen. Vash came from Bengal.
(1) Suket princely state –
Naming princely state – Earlier name of Sundernagar was Shuk Kshetra or Shuk Khet and then later it become Suket. Here there was Mahatma named Sukhdev, after whom the region was named ‘Sukshetra’ and later Suket. The ancient name of Sundernagar city was ‘Banyed’.
Establishment – According to Alexander Cunningham, the establishment of the state of Suket was 765 AD. Veer Sen did. He belonged to the Sen dynasty of Bengal. His father Roop Sen had established the city of Ropar (Rupnagar).
Veer Sen – Veer Sen first made Kunnu Dhar his residence. Veer Sen established the first capital of Suket princely state in Pangana in Surhi area. Veer Sen got his daughter married to Mousanavarman of Chamba by giving shelter to his kingdom’s capital Pangana. Veer Sen gave Pangana Jagir as dowry to Musanavarman. Veer Sen imprisoned Bhuppal, the king of Kullu, and made the princely state of Kullu his fief. Veer Sen laid the boundary line with Kangra and got Veera Durg constructed at Sherekhad. Veer Sen constructed the Beerkot fort on the occasion of defeating Rana of Hatli.
Vikram Sen – Vikram Sen was the king of religious nature. He went on a Haridwar pilgrimage by handing over his kingdom for 2 years to his brother Trivikram Sen. Trivikram Sen conspired against Vikram Sen in association with Hastpaal, the king of Kullu. Vikram Sen defeated Trivikram Sen and Hastpaal in a battle in a jury with the help of the King of Keonthal.
Laksman Sen – Laksman Sen invaded Kullu and captured parts of Wazeri Rupi, Waziri Lagsaari and Waziri Parol. At that time the king of Kullu was ‘Hamirpal’.
Sahu Sen (1000 AD) – Sahu Sen and Baahu Sen were the sons of Vijay Sen. Due to the relationship between the two deteriorating, younger brother Baahu Sen left Suket and went to Mangalore in Kullu and established his own small principality.
Madan Sen (1240 AD) – Madan Sen built the Madankot fort to the north of Pangana. Madan Sen defeated the Ranas of Gumma and Drang and captured the salt mines. Madan Sen recaptured Kullu and gave the area from Manali to Bajaura to Rana Bhosal. Madan Sen defeated Rana Maangal of Batwada, forcing Rana Maangal to cross the Satluj and establish the princely state of Mangal. Under the rule of Madan Sen, the princely state of Suket reached the peak of its prosperity. Madan Sen in 1240 AD I changed the capital from Pagana to Lohara (Balhghati).
Kartar Sen (1520 AD) – Kartar Sen 1520 AD I shifted my capital from Lohra to Kartarpur. Kartarpur is currently called Purananagar. After Kartarsen, Arjun Sen became king who was a contemporary of Jagat Singh, the king of Kullu.
Shyam Sen (1620 AD) – The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was pleased and granted ‘Khilat’ to Shyamsen and ordered to run his posture. Shyamsen had a war with King Kalyan Chand of Bilaspur (Kahlur) (around 1630 AD). The place where Kalyan Chand died was called ‘Kalyan Chand’s Deori’.
Shyam Sen was imprisoned by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb on the complaint of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur to Delhi. Shyam Sen prayed for his liberation from Mahunaag, after which, due to the rebellion of Jagat Singh, Shyamsen sang for his early release from prison. Shyam San donated the jagir to the Bhahunag temple at an annual tax of 400 rupees. After Shyam Sen, Ramson built Ramgarh fort in Madhopur.
Jeet Sen (1663 AD) – He was a contemporary of Raja Shyam Sen (1664-79) of Mandi, Siddha Sen (1684-1720). Jeet used to call King Shyam Sen of Mandi as ‘Thikar Nath’. Raja Shyam Sen of Mandi defeated Jeet Sen at a place called ‘Lohara’. Siddha Sen, with the help of King Bhimchand of Kahlur, attacked Suket and took away the fort of ‘Hatli Par’ and ‘Virkot.
Garun Sen (1721-1748 AD) – Garun Sen founded the city of Sundarnagar (ancient name Banyed) which was made the capital by Vikramsen II. The queen of Garun Sen got Surajkund Temple constructed.
Vikram Sen (1748–1767 AD) – 1752 AD at the time of Vikram Sen. In Ahmad Shah Durraani captured the princely state of Suket. 1758 AD In AD, Adina Baig captured the princely state of Suket. The first Sikh rule in the time of Vikramsen on Suket princely state was 1798 AD. In Jassa Singh Ramgarhia was established.
Ranjit Sen (1767–1791 AD) – Jah Singh Kanhaiya (up to 1775–1786 AD) kept the princely state of Suket at the time of Ranjit Sun. Ranjit Sen hated his brother Kishan Singh, who was father-in-law of Sansar Chand. At that time there was a Wazir named Narpat who was not well connected with Vikramsen, son of Ranjit Sen, so Vikramsen left Suket and went to the palaces of Kangra.
Vikramsen II (1791–1838 AD) – Vikram Sen’s relationship with Veer Narpat was not good. Therefore, Vikramsen 1786 AD. From 1792 A.D. Stayed in the palaces till. After his father’s death, Vikramsen first imprisoned Narpat Wazir in the ‘Batwada Fort’. Vikramsen made Banyed (Sundar Nagar) his new capital. The princely state of Suket came under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809 AD under Vikram Sen. William Moorecroft in 1820 AD I visited the princely state of Suket. Vikramsen, along with his uncle Kishan Singh, captured the six fortifications of Mandi. During the time of Vikramsen, Panna was killed while fighting a war with Wazir Mandi. The king of Mandi was Ishwari Sen who was kept by Sansar Chand for 12 years in ‘Nadaun’. Amarsingh Thapa withdrew from Suket and snatched the Veer Kot Fort. Vikramsen built Pali and Doodar forts during his tenure. Ranjit Singh had helped against the Gorkhas of the Suket princely state for 11 thousand rupees, after which the Suket princely state came under the Sikhs.
Ugra Sen (1838-76 AD) – 1839 AD at the time of Ugra Sen. Vigne visits Suket. Nounihal Singh, grandson of Ranjit Singh, 1840 A.D. Captured the princely state of Suket under the leadership of General Vanchura. Ugrasen in 1846 AD I withdrew Sikhs from the state and accepted subjugation to British power. 1846 AD Suket princely state came under the British. Wazir Narottam of Ugrasen got the Durga temple constructed. He was also the wazir of the Narasimha temple. Ugrasen built the Shiv Mandir at Amala Vimala. 1876 AD Ugrasen died in October 1846 Ugrasen was awarded sanad.
Wicked Nikadan Sen (1879-1909 AD) – 1893 AD at the time of Wicked Nikadan Sen. School in Bhojpur, Post Office 1900 in Vanyed. In and Telegraph 1906 AD. Opened in 1889 AD over the Sutlej River. The bridge was constructed at Jury.
Bhim Sen (1908–1919 AD) – Bhim Sen opened the King Edward Hospital in Bandar. He got the Mandi-Suket motor road constructed.
Laxman Sen (1919–1948 AD) – Laxman Sen was the last king of Suket princely state. First November, 1921 A.D. The Suket princely state came under the British Government of Punjab.
February 1948 AD the Suket Satyagraha took place under the leadership of Pandit Padma deva after which the Suket princely state was merged with India. Mahi and Suket combined together on 15 April 1948. Was created Mandi district.
(2) Mandi princely state
Establishment of Mandi princely state – Mandi princely state was established by Baahu Sen, younger brother of Raja Sahu Sen of Suket princely state. did in. There was no good relationship between Baahu Sen and Sahu Sen, due to which Bahu Sen laid the foundation of Mandi principality in Mangalore (Kullu) except Suket princely state. Bahu Sen established the Haat (Kullu) capital.
Baan Sen – 11th generation king of Bahu Sen, Karchan Sen in 1278 AD. Killed by the king of Kullu in the Mangalour war around. The pregnant wife of Karchan San gave birth to a son named Baan Sen under the Ban (Oak) tree in Siokot Mandi, under the jurisdiction of her father. Because he was born under a tree. Baan Sen’s maternal grandfather had no child. Therefore, Baan sen became the head of Siakot. Baansen made his capital at Bhiuli in Mandi in the 13th-14th century. Baansen got the Parashar Temple constructed near Parashar Il. The credit of the establishment of the state of Mandi in Mandi goes to Baansen. Who, Moved the capital from Mangalore to Bhiuli. Baansen in 1278 AD From 1340 AD Ruled between Baan Sen’s son Kalyan Sen moved the capital to Batahuli near the town of Mandi.
Ajbar Sen (1527 AD) – Ajbar Sen 1527 AD I became the king of Mandi. Ajbar Sen in 1527 AD After establishing Mandi city as its capital. Ajbar Sen built Bhootnath Temple in Mandi city. Queen Sultana Devi of Ajbar Sen built the Trilokinath Temple in Mandi. Ajbar Sen’s 1534 AD Died in the city of Mandi is named after the sage Mandavya.
Sahib Sen (1554-75 AD) – Sahib Sen captured the salt mines of Dang around 1554 (from the Rana of Drang). He was the king of Mandi, a contemporary of Akbar. Sahib Sen along with Raja Pratap Singh of Kullu defeated Rana Jaychand of Lag and captured ‘Siraj-Mandi’. At the Chauhar, by the grace of the god of Hurrang Narayan Dev, Sahib Sen had a son, whom he named Narayan Sen.
Narayana Sen (1575-95 AD) – Narayan Sen won a considerable portion from King Udaya Sen of Suket and expanded the kingdom to Balh and Loharu.
Hari Sen (1623 AD) – Hari Sen was the king of Mandi, contemporary of Jagat Singh, the king of Nurpur. Hari Sen erected a memorial in Varshila to commemorate his father Keshav Sen.
Suraj Sen (1637-64 AD) – Mandi came under the control of the Mughals during the time of Keshav Sen before Suraj Sen. Suraj Sen in 1625 AD Built Kamalah garh Fort in Suraj Sen built the Damdama palace in Mandi. After the death of 18 sons, Suraj Sen made a silver statue of Madhorai on 16 March 1648. Got set up in the rath yatra at Mandi Shivaratri fair is considered to be from this date because on this day the procession of Madhorai’s chariot was taken out at Mandi Shivaratri. The queen of Suraj Sen made Naryaal Lala his brother. The armies of Bangahal and Kullu defeated Suraj Sen in battle and captured the Shahpur, Karnpur and Shamsherpur forts of Mandi. Raja Maan singh of Guler also defeated Suraj Sen and looted twice in Mandi. He also captured the fort of Kamalahgarh. Suraj Sen, with the help of Jalapu Wazir, killed Rana of Anantapur in the Naripuri temple.
Balveer Sen (1839 AD) – Balbir Sen (son of Ishwari Sun) 1839 AD I became the king of Mandi. Nounihal Singh found Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1840 AD. Under the leadership of General Vanchura (French), the kingdom of Mandi invaded and captured the city of Mandi and the fort of Kamalahgarh. 1840 AD Balveer Sen was imprisoned in Govindgarh Fort in The queen cursed Zalapu because she had killed her husband by making him a religious sister. Suraj Sen was married to the daughter of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur, in exchange for which he received sandhol in dowry. Suraj Sen made Madhoraya the total deity of the princely state of Mandi and dedicated the throne to him.
Shyamsen (1664–1679 AD) – After Suraj Sen, his brother Shyam Sen became king. He got the Shyama Kali temple constructed in Mandi at Taranadhar. Shyam Sen defeated Jeet Sen, the king of Suket and took control of the Lauhra stronghold. Jeet Sen was captured by Mandi’s soldier ‘Nayana Katoch’ and snatched his crown and presented it to Shyamsen. Shyamsen allowed him to carry eight loads of salt per annum without a price from the salt mine of Drang. Shyamsen kept ‘Herba Singh’ fortified in Lohara Fort. The princely states of Suket and Mandi were always fighting each other for occupation of the Balh Valley region.
Siddhsen (1684-1727 AD) – Among the kings of Mandi, Siddhesen is considered a worthy and skilled warrior. Guru Govind Singh Mandi came during the reign of Siddhesen. Siddhsen got the king of Bangahal killed Prithvipaal inside the Damdama palace. Siddhsen in 1695 AD Sarkhpur fort was built in Siddhesen built the Siddha Ganesh, Triloknath Panchavaktra and Siddha Jalpa temples.
Siddhsen appointed his father’s concubine son Miyan Jappu as his wazir, a skilled administrator and clever politician. He was in charge of the administration. He got land settled in Mandi which lasted for 200 years (till 1917). Siddhasaan in Suket’s Nachan, Hatli, Dalel (in 1688 AD). Sarkhpur, Shivpur Fort (in 1690 AD) Madhopur (1699) Raipur (1698) occupied the area. Siddha Sen was the father-in-law of Prithvipaal of Bangahal, whom he murdered in ‘Damdama Mahal’. Prithvi Pal’s sister was married to King Maan singh of Kullu. Siddhsen also attacked Kullu. Siddhsen appointed Miyan Biru Singh as his commander.
Shamsher Sen (1727-81 AD) – Siddhesen’s son Shiv Jwala Sen died in 1722 AD. It was in 1727 A.D. After Siddhsen, his grandson Shamsher San became the king of Mando at the age of five. His brother’s name was ‘Dhul Chatiya’. In childhood, the state took charge of Miyan Jappu (Veer) with the help of Rani Hatli (mother of Shamsher Sen). Shamsher Sen invaded Kullu and captured the ‘Chauhar’ area. Rani Hatli, along with Haridas and Dharma Nath, had Jappu killed, which angered the king. Shamsher Sen gave death to Dharma Nath, due to fear the queen left Mandi and started living in ‘Ghasspu’. Shamsher San made his brother ‘Dhul Chatiya’ a wazir. Shamsher Sen’s son was Surma Sen. Mandi remained under the influence of Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and Jab Singh Kanhaiya during Shamsher Sen. After 54 years of reigning Shamsher Sen in 1781 AD. Died in.
Surma Sen (1781-88) – Surma Sen separated his relatives and Miyan people from the work of the state, which made them ineffective and the king’s spread among other employees. He tried to develop this principle in his courtiers and officers by adopting the ‘keep quiet principle’. The king of Kullu was Pritam Singh at the time of Surma Sun. Suket’s king Ranjit Sen was a contemporary of Surma Sen. Surma Sen’s 1788 AD Died in
Ishwari Sen (1788-1826 AD) – Ishwari Sen was imprisoned by Sansar Chad for 12 years in Nadaun. Gorkhas got liberated. Mandi princely state 1809 AD I came under the Sikhs. William Moorecroft took the time of Ishwari Sen in 1820 AD. I traveled to Mandi. After Ishwari Sen, Zalim Sen 1823 AD. I became the king of Mandi. Sansar Chand Kamalah did not capture the fort. Khushal Singh was appointed by Ranjit Singh to collect tax in Mandi. At the time of Ishwari Sen, King Ugra singh of Bushehr took refuge in Mandi (to escape from the Gorkhas). Former King of Nagpur Appa Saheb also lived in Mandi from 1822 to 1826.
Zalim Sen (1826-39 AD) – Ishwari Sen had no valid Satan. Ishwari Sen had four illegitimate children – Miyan Ratan Sen, Kapoor Sen, Balveer Sen and Bhag Sen. After Ishwari Sen, his brother Zalim Sen became the king of Mandi. Jaalim Sun was now required to pay 75 thousand rupees as annual tax instead of 50 thousand in the Sikh court, for which he forced people to pay tax. He tied up with Lahna Singh and captured Thara and Raghupur region of Kullu. Zalim Sen assigned the task of state administration to Balveer Sen (his nephew), the third mistress son of Ishwari Sen. Zalim Sen’s 1839 AD Balveer Sen became the king of Mandi after his death. Lord Vigne 1839 AD Came to mandi
Amritsar. Mandi principality March 9, 1846 AD Balbir Sen died in 1851 AD. occurred in. Goseau Wazir took part in the Battle of Aliwal (1846 AD) during Balveer Sen. The British government on October 24, 1846 AD. Raja of Mandi was accepted by granting sanad to King Balveer Sen.
Vijay Sen (1851-1902 AD) – Vijay Sen became the king of Mandi at the age of 4 under the supervision of Gosau Wazir and Mia Bhag Singh. Purohit Shivashankar could not handle the work of Vijay Sen’s education well after which, in 1863 AD. I am Mr. Clarke was appointed to the King’s education. In 1864, the British government gave 11-gun salutes to Vijay Sen to help in the revolt of 1857.
Lord Mayo 1871 AD Mandi came. Vijay Sen in 1872 AD I attended the Palampur court. 1874 AD by Sir Henry Davis. I visited Mandi. King Vijay Sen in 1877 AD I attended Delhi Durbar and built the Victoria Suspension Bridge on Vyas coast in 1878 in his memory. He founded the river Uhl in 1881 AD. Construction of suspension bridge 1883 AD by Charles Echinson. I visited Mandi. Miyan Uttam Singh was the wazir at the time of Vijay Sen. After that, Miyan Jawala Singh and Miyan Udham Singh became Wazir. Construction of Mandi-Kullu road in 1881 AD. Done in 1901 AD Padajiwanand was called from Jodhpur and appointed as Wazir. He was conferred the title of Raibahadur. Vijay Sen’s 1902 AD Died in Lord Elgin in 1899 AD I visited Mandi. Lala Lajpat Rai 1906 AD Mandi came.
Bhavani Sen (1903–12 AD) – Punjab’s Le. Governor Sir Charles Rivas in 1903 AD Killed Bhavani Sen on the throne. Bhavani Sen 1905 AD I went to Lahore to meet the Prince of Wales. Lord Kitchener also in 1905. Mandi came around. Bhavani Sen in 1906 AD Built a court hall in in 1909, Shobha Ram (Sarkaghat) revolted at the time of Bhavani Sen. Raja Bhavani Sen wazir Padha was a puppet in the hands of Jeeva Nanda. Colonel H.S. Davis suppressed the rebellion of Sobha Ram and imprisoned him and sent him black water and appointed Indr Singh, son of Uttam Singh Wazir in place of Padha Jeevanand as Wazir. Bhavani Sen attended the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 in honor of George V (Emperor of England). Raja died at the age of only 29 in February 1912, after returning from the Delhi court.
Joginder Sen (1913-48 AD) – Joginder sen was succeeded by the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Lewis Dane. He was the last ruler of the princely state of Mandi. King Joginder Sen was conferred with the title of Knighthood (KCSI). Joginder Sen was educated at Queen Mary College, Hutchison Lahore. Garden Walker was appointed Superintendent of Mandi. In the year 1916 H.W. Emerson was made Superintendent of Mandi. In the year 1914, Hardev of Mandi, who was called ‘Swami Krishnanand’, made members of Gadar Party in Mandi. Bhai Hirdaya Ram was hanged along with Mathra Das in the Lahore Conspiracy Case which was later turned into Kala Paani. In the first Mandi conspiracy, Miyan Jawahar Singh and Rani Khairgarhi were convicted. Miyan Jawahar Singh was sent to Kala Paani after life imprisonment. Rani (Mandi) Khairgarhi was sentenced to be expelled from the country and went to Lucknow. Siddh Kharada, the main culprit of the Mandi conspiracy, escaped. Later, he was captured and sent to black water