SOLAN District GK, Places to visit in 2023, History Himachal Pradesh

Solan, so you came here to know detailed knowledge of solan District.

So, my dear friend, you are in right place here we will provide you with detailed knowledge of Solan District and some additional essential knowledge that will help you in your competitive exams.

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SOLAN District GK, Places to visit in 2023, History Himachal Pradesh
Solan District

Solan is a district of the state Himachal Pradesh in India and solan town is the headquarters of Solan District. In Himachal Pradesh, it is the largest Municipal Council. It is basically south of Shimla (the Capital of Himachal Pradesh) and it is 45.5 kilometers away from Shimla. It is located at an average elevation of 1550 meters i.e. approximately equal to 5090 ft. Solan was named after Goddess Shoolini Mata whose temple is in Solan. The Shoolini fair is held every year in June (in Solan). 

This fair is a tribute to Shoolini Mata and in this fair, there is a 3-day mela in Thodo ground. Solan was the capital of Baghat Which we will discuss in the history part briefly.

This city is very famous all over India for its vast Mushroom Farming and is known as the “Mushroom City of India”. There is also a Research Centre named (DMR)Directorate of Mushroom research located at Chamba Ghat.

In Solan, there is a bulk production of Tomatoes and due to this solan is also called the “City of Red Gold”. The Interesting thing is that this solan town is situated between Shimla and Chandigarh, on Shimla- Kalka National Highway -22. And as we all know about toy train (Kalka-Shimla railway) passes through this beautiful town. This beautiful city is located in the lower range of the Great Himalayas.

Solan is very good at traveling. This district consists of many temples and monasteries. One more thing is that this district has one of the oldest breweries (शराब की भठ्ठी) in the country. There is one bonus interesting fact for your friends this fact is that solan has an old fort that is about 300- years old and is located at the top of the hill, this fort gets damaged but this fort provides an amazing broad scenic view of the countryside. Solan is also famous for its two historical temples Shoolini Mata Temple and Jatoli Shiv Temple, one who loves traveling and historical places must come here to experience beautiful and positive vibes.

For a traveling person, there is also a wonderful thing that is its most famous Monasteries, the name of that Monastery is Yundung Monastery.  In Solan, there is Y. S. Parmar’s horticultural and forestry university in Nauni. Y.S. Parmar university was founded in 1985So, friends this is the detailed overview of solan. Read the full article for getting more knowledgeable information.

Basic detailed information –

StateHimachal Pradesh
Established in1 September 1972
District HeadquarterSolan
Total Area1,936 sq. km (3.40% of the total area of H.P.)
Total Population (2011)5,80,320 (8.45% of the H.P. Population)
Population wise Rank2nd in H.P.
Population Density (2011)300
Literacy rate83.68 %
Sex ratio880
Decadal growth rate  15.93%
Tehsils (7)Solan, Kasauli, Nalagarh, Arki, Kandaghat, Baddi, Ramshaher.
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies5
Total Villages2536
Total Gram Panchayat211
Development Blocks5
Child Sex ratio899
DC SolanK.C. Chaman I.A.S.
Solan Average annual temperature15`C (59`F)
Pin code173212
Telephone Code01792

Geography –

Geographical location –

Solan District is Located in the southwestern part of Himachal Pradesh.  It lies between 30° 05 ‘ to 31° 15’ north latitude and 76° 42 ‘to 77° 20’ east longitude.  Solan district bordered Shimla in the east, Punjab in the west, Bilaspur and Mandi in the north, and Sirmaur and Haryana in the south.

Valleys in Solan District –

Saproon ValleySolan Tehsil
Doon ValleyNalagarh Tehsil
Kunihar ValleyArki Tehsil

The Doon Valley is the most fertile valley in the district. 

Rivers in Solan District–

River NameTributary of


Sirsa river is in the Nalagarh subdivision.

History of Solan District–

Solan district is a part of the princely states of Shimla hill including Baghal-120 sq mi, Mahalog 49 sq mi, Baghat-33 sq mi, Kuthad-21 sq mi, Mangal-14 sq mi, Kunihar-7 sq mi and Includes Baija-5 square miles.  On April 15, 1948, including these 7 hill states Solan and Arki tehsils were formed in the Tehsils of Mahasu district.  Apart from these 7 hill states, Hundur (Nalagarh) -276 square mile principality was established in 1966 AD In H.P (as a Tehsil of Shimla) and merged in a solan district in 1972 AD.

All 7 princely states except Hundur princely state used to pay annual rent to Bilaspur princely state till 1790 AD. Mangal princely state even after 1790 AD, the annual rent to Bilaspur state.

(1) Baghat State –

Solan city and Kasauli were part of the Baghat principality. Baghat means ‘Bahu Ghat’ meaning ‘many dares / Ghats.

 Establishment –

The establishment of the princely state of Baghat was done by Pawar Rajput ‘Bashant Pal’ (Harichand Pal) from Dharna Geri (South India).  Rana Inderpal named the princely state Baghat. In 1790 AD princely state Baghat became independent from Bilaspur.  Rana Mahendra Singh became the first independent ruler of the princely state of Baghat. 

British –

In 1839 AD Mana Mahendra Singh’s died without any child, and the princely state of Baghat came under the control of the British Government. 

 Rana Vijay Singh became the ruler of Baghat after Rana Mahendra Singh in 1849 AD.  After the death of Vijay Singh (without any son), the Baghat princely state came under the policy of Lord Dalhousie under the Laps policy. In 1862 AD Rana Ummed Singh (13 years later) received the throne when he was on death bed, after Umaid Singh, Rana Dalip Singh (1862–1911 AD) ascended the throne.  He shifted Solan from Bauch, the capital of the princely state of Baghat.

(2) Baghal princely state (Arki) –

Mangal was situated in the north of the Baghal state, Dhami and Kunihar in the east, Hundur (Nalagarh) in the west, and Ambala in the south. 

Establishment –

 The princely state of Baghal was established by Pawar Rajput Ajaydev of Ujjain.  The state of Baghal, located around the river Gambhar, the capital of the Baghal principality was Sari, Dandan, Dugali, and Darla.

Rana Sabha Chand –

Rana Sabha Chand in 1643 AD Made Arki the capital of the princely state of Baghal.  He is considered the first ruler of the princely state of Baghal.  The city of Arki was founded by Rana Sabha Chand.

Gorkha invasion –

Gurkha attack took place during the kingdom of Rana Jagat Singh (1778 AD – 1828 AD).  Baghal Principality from 1803 AD to 1815 AD was under the control of the Gorkhas.  Arki was the headquarters of the Gorkhas.  Rana Jagat Singh took refuge in the princely state of Nalagarh for 7 years.  In 1815 AD the British Government Removed the control of Gorkha from the princely state of Baghal. 

Anirudh Chand, son of Sansar Chand, took refuge with the son of Rana Jagat Singh in fear of Sikh war. 

British Government –

In 1857 AD Rana Kishan Singh (1840–1876 AD) assisted the British in the revolt of 1857. By the British Kishan Singh was given the title of ‘Raja’ in 1860 AD.   The extreme ruler of the princely state of Baghal was Rajendra Singh.  The modern name of the Jagatgarh fort of Baghal state is ‘Jatog’ (Shimla). 

(3) Kunihar princely state –

Abhoj Dev, who came from Jammu (Akhnoor) founded Kunihar princely state in 1154 AD. The capital of the princely state of Kunihar was Haatkoti.  Magan Dev was the ruler of the princely state at the time of the war.  After the Gorkhas left Thakur Mungri Das became the ruler of the princely state.  Rao Hardev Singh was the last ruler of Kunihar. 

If you want to read the complete history of Solan then click here to read more

The economy of Solan District –

 Industrial estates were established in Solan in 1961-62, Barotiwala in 1964-65, and Parwanoo in 1975.  HPMC has a processing unit at Parwanoo.  There are dolomite deposits in Nalagarh, gypsum in Kuthar, and limestone (limestone) in Darlaghat.  Mohan Micking Breweries in 1855 AD Established in Solan.  Baddi H.P.  Is the largest industrial city in India.  Solan is also known as Khumbh Nagari (Mushroom City).  There is a National Mushroom Research Institute here. In Darlaghat there is a cement factory named Ambuja

Formation of the Solan district-

On 15, April 1948   Baghat, Baghal, Kunihar, Mahalog, Kuthad, Baija, and Maangal princely states (as Solan and Arki tehsils) were part of Mahasu district while Nalagarh princely state was part of Pepsu (Union of Patiala and East Punjab).  Nalagarh was the tehsil of Ambala district.  Nalagarh and Kandaghat as part of Shimla district on November 1, 1966, merged In H.P. In September 1, 1972 AD, including Nalagarh, Kandaghat, Arki, Solan.  Was formed in the Solan district. 

Miscellaneous –

Salman Rushdie’s house in Anis Villa of Solan.  In Solan, there is Y. S. Parmar’s horticultural and forestry university in Nauni. Y.S. Parmar university was founded in 1985. There is Lawrence School at Snawar in Kasauli, which was established in 1847 AD by Sir Henry Lawrence.  There is a Women’s Polytechnic Institute in Kandaghat.  There is a Navodaya School in Kunihar.  Chail was the summer capital of Maharaja Patiyali Bhupinder Singh.  It has the world’s highest cricket ground Chail, a military school, and a forest-training school. 

There is a CRI (Central Research Institute) in Kasauli where a vaccine for the bites of mad dogs is made.  Dagshai (Maharaja was the fief of Patiala) and at Sabathu there is the army cantonment. 

Solan was named after Shoolini Mata whose temple is in Solan.  The Shoolini fair is held every year in June (in Solan).  There are wildlife sanctuaries in Darlaghat, Mazathal, Chail, and Shilli. 

Places to visit in Solan District ( Tourism Places ) –

Mohan National Heritage ParkPark
Shoolini Hindu TempleTemple
Jatoli TempleArchitecture/History
Jawahar ParkHilltop Park with Gardens and Views
Karol Tibba Hindu TempleTemple
Kali Mata TempleTemple
Shri Durga MandirTemple
Children ParkPark
Mata Mandir Hindu TempleTemple
The Menri MonasteryMonastery
Dagshai Jail MuseumTourist Attraction
Pine Hills Eco CampCamping
Mohan Shakti National Heritage ParkNational Park
Baddi Ki DharNA
Mohan MeakinBrewery
Yundung MonasteryMonastery
Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestryUniversity
Barog Railway StationRailway Station
Solan TownTown
The Lawrence School-SanawarSchool
Kasauli Cantonment BoardCantonment Board
Subathu Cantonment BoardCantonment Board
Nalagarh FortFort
Arki FortFort

District Welfare Officer Solan –

District welfare office solan,

Designation DWO

Complete Office Address -District Welfare office, Solan.

Office Telephone Number – 01792-223742.

Jurisdiction/Unit under his control for which he will be informed to the applicant – district Solan

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